Building a cultural bridge: Middle East Centre by Zaha Hadid
The west side of the Middle East Centre displays a striking upward swing, yet it keeps a respectful distance from a natural monument. In fact, the building seems to hover protectively around this enormous ancient tree and its root system. An underground drainage system has made it possible for the tree to live on undisturbed. The east façade of the structure, which is home to the archive’s reading room and offices, reaches the same height as the 13-metre-high Hilda Besse Buildings, which were erected next door in the 1970s. The area created by the new building, which measures 1,127 m², is distributed over a basement with an auditorium, and three above-ground levels. Furthermore, the centre has functions which are for the most part open to the public: there is a café in the foyer and a reading room in the library one floor up. Shelving units on casters have doubled the previous archive area of the library. It now has enough expansion potential to accommodate the collection. Lectures, presentations, discussions and demonstrations can be held in the auditorium, which seats 117. In order to ensure pleasant air quality even in rooms which are not naturally ventilated, there is a subterranean system for thermal cooling and heating. The new institution building now makes it possible to conduct both university-based and public discussions and reinforce its status as a vital forum for teaching, research and open debate.